Recommended Readings for Research and Writing
Most of the times, research is either difficult or not interesting because the true meaning of
research is not known. Through the following readings, we hope to increase awareness and
interest in research in young students and scientists from around the world.

Promoting Research:

Encouraging medical students to do research and write papers
Michael E. Detsky and Allan S. Detsky.
Can. Med. Assoc. J., Jun 2007; 176: 1719 - 1721. Available:
http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/176/12/1719
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Guidelines for Biomedical Research.
Dr. Naveed Zafar Janjua. Available from PakMediNet:
http://www.pakmedinet.com/page.php?f=methodology1
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Medical Writing: English/Writing Skills.
Available from the Medical Academic Website:
http://www.akademisyen.com/dergiler/writing.asp
Accessed August 6, 2007.

Higher Education Commission Pakistan
Fuelling Innovation through initiatives geared towards developing a world-class, dynamic
and flexible research sector.
http://www.hec.gov.pk/new/index.htm
Accessed August 6, 2007.

Research Projects Database.
Aga Khan University. Available:
http://www.aku.edu/res-office/show.asp
Accessed August 6, 2007.


The Impact Factor game

The Impact Factor Game
The PLoS Medicine Editors.
PLoS Medicine Vol. 3, No. 6, e291 doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.003029
http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.
pmed.0030291
Accessed August 6, 2007.

Latest Journal Impact Factors
Available through Science Gateway:
http://www.sciencegateway.org/rank/index.html
Accessed August 6, 2007.


Reading Articles:

How to read a paper: The Medline database
Trisha Greenhalgh
BMJ, Jul 1997; 315: 180 - 183. Available:
http://www.bmj.com/cgi/citemap?id=bmj;315/7101/180
Accessed August 5, 2007.


Literature search:

PubMed for beginners.
Al-Ubaydli M. Article available from the StudentBMJ:
http://student.bmj.com/back_issues/0204/education/62.html
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Pubmed Overview
Available from PubMed:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query/static/overview.html
Accessed August 6, 2007.

The Literature Review: A Few Tips on Conducting It
Taylor D. Available from Writing Support, University of Toronto:
http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/litrev.html
Accessed August 5, 2007.


Ethics in Research/Plagiarism:

Ethical Guidelines, Plagiarism, and Ghost Writing
A collection of discussions from 2003 to 2004 from the World Association of Medical Editors
(WAME) available from:
http://www.wame.org/wame-listserve-discussions/ethical-guidelines-plagiarism-and-ghost-
writing
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Ethical Review Committee Guidelines and General Principles
Aga Khan University Research Office. Available:
http://www.aku.edu/res-office/res-erc.shtml
Accessed August 6, 2007.

Ethical Committee for Research on animals.
Aga Khan University Research Office. Available:
http://www.aku.edu/res-office/res-ecra-tor.shtml
Accessed August 6, 2007.


Research Methodology

Study Designs.
Dr. Naveed Zafar Janjua. Available from PakmediNet.
http://www.pakmedinet.com/files/StudyDesigns.pdf


Manuscript writing:

How to write a Medical Research Paper?
Article available from the American Society of Cytopathology:
http://www.cytopathology.org/website/article.asp?id=16
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to write a scientific article for a medical journal?
Kotur PF. Indian J. Anaesthe. 2002; 46(1): 21-25.  Available:
http://medind.nic.in/iad/t02/i1/iadt02i1p21.pdf
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to write research papers for publication?
Available from DEAR ) Department of Education and Research, Department of Family
Medicine:
http://www.hsc.unt.edu/departments/dear/documents/Part1.pdf
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to Write a Research Paper.
Alexandrov AV: Cerebrovasc Dis 2004;18:135-138 (DOI: 10.1159/000079266):
http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?
Aktion=ShowFulltext&ArtikelNr=79266&ProduktNr=224153
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to...write a paper?
Cunningham SJ. J Orthod. 2004 Mar;31(1):47-51. Available:
http://jorthod.maneyjournals.org/cgi/content/full/31/1/47
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to write a scientific paper?
Shukla S. Indian J Surg [serial online] 2007;69:43-46. Available from:
http://www.indianjsurg.com/text.asp?2007/69/2/43/32190
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to write a patient case report.
Cohen H. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2006 Oct 1;63(19):1888-92. Available:
http://www.ajhp.org/cgi/content/full/63/19/1888
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to write a case report?
Anwar R. Article available from the StudentBMJ:
http://student.bmj.com/back_issues/0204/education/60.html
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to write an evidence-based clinical review article?
Siwek J, Gourlay ML, Slawson DC, Shaughnessy AF.
Am Fam Physician. 2002 Jan 15;65(2):251-8. Available:
http://www.aafp.org/afp/20020115/251.html
Accessed August 5, 2007.

How to write an abstract.
Kathleen A. Conboy-Ellis. Available from Allied Health Professions Assembly:
http://www.aaaai.org/members/allied_health/articlesofinterest/conboy_ellis.pdf
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Medical Writing.
Presentation by Prof. Dr. Sarwar J Zuberi. Available from PakMediNet:
http://www.pakmedinet.com/files/rm.ppt
Accessed August 5, 2007.


Manuscript Submission

General Method of Article Submission in a Medical Journal.
Article available from PakMediNet:
http://www.pakmedinet.com/page.php?f=authorsinfo
Accessed August 5, 2007.


Dissertations, proposals and grant writing

Funding Opportunities: Aga Khan University
Aga Khan University Research Office Funding Opportunities. Available:
http://www.aku.edu/res-office/res-urclist.shtml
Accessed August 6, 2007.

Higher Education Commission: Research Grants
The Program provides financial support for research in all disciplines of basic and applied
sciences, engineering and technology, social sciences and humanities.
http://www.hec.gov.pk/new/rnd/Research_Grant.htm
Accessed August 6, 2007.

How to Write a Ph.D. Dissertation.
E. Robert Schulman and C. Virginia Cox. Annals of Improbable Research, Vol. 3, No. 5, pg. 8.
Available:
http://members.verizon.net/~vze3fs8i/air/airphd.html
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Guidelines for Synopsis and Dissertation Writing for CPSP
Available from PakMediNet:
http://www.pakmedinet.com/page.php?f=cpsp
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Community of Science: Funding resource, expertise database and abstract
management system
Search the world's most comprehensive funding resource, with more than 22,000 records
representing nearly 400,000 opportunities, worth over $33 billion. Available:
http://www.cos.com/
Accessed August 6, 2007.


Analyzing your findings:

Role of p-value in Decision Making.
Prof. Anwer Kurshid. Available from PakMediNet:
http://www.pakmedinet.com/files/anwer1.pdf
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Medical Statistics using SPSS: an introductory course
Gareth Parry, Altamiro da Costa Pereira. Available:
http://www.shef.ac.uk/scharr/spss/
Accessed August 5, 2007.

SPSS Tutorial.
From University of Toronoto website:
http://www.psych.utoronto.ca/courses/c1/spss/toc.htm
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Raynald’s SPSS tools.
Raynald Levesque.
http://pages.infinit.net/rlevesqu/index.htm
http://www.spsstools.net/
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Statistics Book: StatPrimer (Version 6.4)
B. Burt. Gerstman.
http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/gerstman/StatPrimer/
Accessed August 5, 2007.

Online Statistical Calculations.
John C. Pezzullo.
http://statpages.org/
Accessed August 5, 2007.


Reviewing manuscripts:

Criteria for Review of Manuscripts.
Article available from American Society of Cytopathology:
http://www.cytopathology.org/website/article.asp?id=15
Accessed August 5, 2007.
If you have any comments or queries, please
feel free to contact us:
editor@promotingresearch.com